At first sight, it looks like a new beginning
of the Great Game to control Central Asia, and from
there the whole Eurasian continent. At a closer look,
though, things appear quite different, as if China is
now trying to gain a second sea rim on the shores of
Europe, facing the American East Coast.
The total population was 19,250,000 (includes people came from outside, does not include people went outside). It is 18,462,100 excluding the 790,000 people whose permenant residency can not be determined. Compared to the 15,160,000 from the 4th National Censuses conducted on July 1, 1990, the population increased 4,090,000.
Chinese archaeologists have recently re-discovered the Xiaohe Tombs (Small River tombs) in Lop Nur, a desert in northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, after they were first found 66 years ago.
hina is embarking on an ambitious project to develop its vast western regions, for centuries the poorest and least densely inhabited areas of the country. The overt motivation is an economic one, specifically the relief of poverty.
Life is not easy for the Uighur people living in East Turkestan.
The Chinese government's birth control policy conflicts with their traditionally large families, and nuclear testing has taken its toll as well.
With the disintegration of the Soviet Union, six Turkic-speaking countries in central Asia gained their independence, With a population of around 30 million worldwide, seven Turkic countries (including Turkey) have joined the UN so far, These changes have further stimulated the Xinjiang Uighur people's awareness for independence.
Standing just 1.63 meters tall, one could hardly believe this 73-year-old amiable -looking gentleman is a legendary military figure: a first lieutenant in the Turkish artillery in the Korean War, Chief of Staff of the Center Treaty Organization, the head of the UN's mission in Afghanistan, and the organization of the Xinjiang Independence movement.
In the far western Chinese territory of Xinjiang, the Uighur people have waged a decades-long struggle to establish a republic of East Turkestan. In order to gain a first-hand understanding of the independence movement, this newspaper sent a long-time observer of the ethnic liberation movements in China, New York-based writer Cao Chang-qing to the group's headquarters in Turkey. This week, we present his reports in a seven-part series, simultaneously with the Liberty Times.
Throughout centuries, China's policy towards its neighbors has been based on deception, falsification and exploitation. The following record, written by the great Chinese historian Pan Ku of the Han Dynasty (206 BC- 200 AD), exemplifies the mainstream of Chinese policy towards it's neighbors: