Tuesday, 16 December 2008 07:56
An outline of the new policy suggested Beijing says is "worried about discontent among minority groups."
Reuters says the new classes will run all the way through school, with high school students getting up to 14 hours a year to help them "recognise the superiority of our government and Communist Party's ethnic policies", and ensure they reflect them in their work.
Primary school children should learn a "basic awareness of the vital nature of 'encouraging ethnic unity, protecting national unity and opposing ethnic separatism'", said a summary of the policy posted on the ministry website (www.moe.edu.cn).
Older children would gain a "correct understanding" of government and Party policy, while those in high school would also be expected to have a firm grasp on basic theory about "ethnic problems" and "establish a Marxist outlook on ethnicity".
China has 56 officially recognised ethnic groups with the dominant Han Chinese making up over 90 percent of the population.
History of Uyghurs
Historical records show that the Uyghurs have a history of more than 4000 years. Throughout the history the Uyghurs developed a unique culture and civilization and made remarkable contribution to the civilization of the world.
East Turkistan has 8 million Uighurs.
The Uyghurs Islam in 934, during the reign of Satuk Bughra Khan, the Kharahanid ruler. Since that time on the Islam continuously served Uyghurs as the only religion until today.
After embracing Islam the Uyghurs continued to preserve their cultural dominance in Central Asia. World renowned Uyghur scholars emerged, and Uyghur literature flourished. Among the hundreds of important works surviving from this era are the Kutat-ku Bilik by Yusuf Has Hajip (1069-70), Divan-i Lugat-it Turk by Mahmud Kashgari, and Atabetul Hakayik by Ahmet Yukneki.
East Turkistan was occupied by the communist China in 1949 and its name was changed in 1955. The communist China has been excersizing a colonial rule over the East Turkistan since then.