[Updated May 2021]

The following is a list of actions taken by the U.S. government in response to gross human rights violations against Uyghurs and other Turkic Muslim groups.

  • 74 punitive sanctions
  • 5 laws, policy statements and advisories 
  • Global Magnitsky human rights sanctions
  • Import bans based on human rights violations
  • Export bans based on human rights violations
  • Visa ban on officials responsible for, or complicit in, human rights violations
  • Atrocity Crimes Statement by Secretary Blinken: the PRC continues to Commit Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity
  • Atrocity Crimes Determination: Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity
  • Surveillance technology export license policy revision
  • Xinjiang Supply Chain Business Advisory
  • Department of Labor Product List

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Global Magnitsky sanctions

EntityDate Sanctioned
1Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (XPCC)7/31/20
2Xinjiang Public Security Bureau (XPSB)7/9/20

IndividualPositionSanctioned
1Wang JunzhengParty Secretary of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (XPCC)3/22/21
2Chen MingguoDirector of the Xinjiang Public Security Bureau (XPSB)3/22/21
3Peng JiaruiDeputy Party Secretary and Commander of the XPCC7/31/20
4Sun JinlongFormer Political Commissar of the XPCC7/31/20
5Chen QuanguoCommunist Party Secretary of XUAR [Politburo Member]7/9/20
6Zhu HailunFormer Deputy Party Secretary of the XUAR7/9/20
7Wang MingshanDirector and Communist Party Secretary of the XPSB7/9/20
8Huo LiujunFormer Party Secretary of the XPSB7/9/20

DateSource
3/22/21https://home.treasury.gov/news/press-releases/jy0070
7/9/20https://home.treasury.gov/news/press-releases/sm1055
7/31/20https://home.treasury.gov/news/press-releases/sm1073

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Import bans

Customs and Border Protection (CBP), Department of Homeland Security

Federal statute 19 U.S.C. 1307 prohibits the importation of merchandise mined, manufactured, or produced, wholly or in part, by forced labor, including convict labor, forced child labor, and indentured labor.

EntityDate SanctionedDate Announced
1Region-wide ban on all cotton and tomato products produced in Xinjiang, based on information that reasonably indicates the use of detainee or prison labor and situations of forced labor. The agency identified the following forced labor indicators through the course of its investigation: debt bondage, restriction of movement, isolation, intimidation and threats, withholding of wages, and abusive living and working conditions.1/13/20211/13/2021
2Shipments containing cotton and cotton products originating from the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (XPCC), based on information that reasonably indicates the use of forced labor, including convict labor. The WRO applies to all cotton and cotton products produced by the XPCC and its subordinate and affiliated entities as well as any products that are made in whole or in part with or derived from that cotton, such as apparel, garments, and textiles.11/3/202012/2/2020
3All products made with labor from the Lop County No. 4 Vocational Skills Education and Training Center in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China. Information reasonably indicates that this “re-education” internment camp, which is often called a Vocational Skills Education and Training Center, is providing prison labor to nearby manufacturing entities in Xinjiang. CBP identified forced labor indicators including highly coercive/unfree recruitment, work and life under duress, and restriction of movement.8/25/20209/14/2020
4Hair products made in the Lop County Hair Product Industrial Park in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China. Information reasonably indicates this site is manufacturing products with forced labor of the Uyghur people and other minority ethnic groups who are detained in “re-education” internment camps in Xinjiang. CBP identified forced labor indicators including highly coercive/unfree recruitment, work and life under duress, and restriction of movement.8/25/20209/14/2020
5Yili Zhuowan Garment Manufacturing Co., Ltd. in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China. Information reasonably indicates that these entities use prison and forced labor in apparel production. CBP identified forced labor indicators including the restriction of movement, isolation, intimidation and threats, withholding of wages, and abusive working and living conditions.9/3/20209/14/2020
6Baoding LYSZD Trade and Business Co., Ltd in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China. Information reasonably indicates that these entities use prison and forced labor in apparel production. CBP identified forced labor indicators including the restriction of movement, isolation, intimidation and threats, withholding of wages, and abusive working and living conditions.9/3/20209/14/2020
7Cotton produced and processed by Xinjiang Junggar Cotton and Linen Co., Ltd. in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China. Information reasonably indicates that this entity and its subsidiaries use prison labor in their raw cotton processing operations in Xinjiang. Cotton-processing factories and cotton farms in this region are prison enterprises that use convict labor.9/8/20209/14/2020
8Computer parts made by Hefei Bitland Information Technology Co., Ltd. in Anhui, China. Information reasonably indicates that Hefei Bitland uses both prison and forced labor to produce electronics. CBP identified forced labor indicators including abuse of vulnerability, restriction of movement, isolation, and intimidation and threats.9/8/20209/14/2020
9Lop County Meixin Hair Products Co., Ltd6/17/20206/17/2020
10Hetian Haolin Hair Accessories Co., Ltd.5/1/20205/1/2020
11Hetian Taida Apparel Co., Ltd.9/30/20199/30/2019
Date AnnouncedSource
1/13/21https://www.cbp.gov/newsroom/national-media-release/cbp-issues-region-wide-withhold-release-order-products-made-slave
12/2/20https://www.cbp.gov/newsroom/national-media-release/cbp-issues-detention-order-cotton-products-made-xinjiang-production
9/14/20https://www.dhs.gov/news/2020/09/14/dhs-cracks-down-goods-produced-china-s-state-sponsored-forced-labor
6/17/20https://www.cbp.gov/newsroom/national-media-release/cbp-issues-detention-order-hair-products-manufactured-forced-labor-0
5/1/20https://www.cbp.gov/newsroom/national-media-release/cbp-issues-detention-order-hair-products-manufactured-forced-labor
9/30/19https://www.cbp.gov/newsroom/national-media-release/cbp-issues-detention-orders-against-companies-suspected-using-forced

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Export bans

Commerce Department

Pursuant to § 744.11(b) of the EAR, the End-User Review Committee (ERC), composed of representatives of the Departments of Commerce (Chair), State, Defense, Energy and, where appropriate, the Treasury, determined that these entities have been implicated in human rights violations and abuses in the implementation of China’s campaign of repression, mass arbitrary detention, and high-technology surveillance against Uyghurs, Kazakhs, and other members of Muslim minority groups in the XUAR.

CompanyDate Sanctioned
1AGCU Scientech*12/18/20
2China National Scientific Instruments and Materials (CNSIM)*12/18/20
3DJI*12/18/20
4Kuang-Chi Group*12/18/20
5Beijing Liuhe BGI7/22/20
6Changji Esquel Textile Co. Ltd.6/5/20
7Hefei Bitland Information Technology Co. Ltd.6/5/20
8Hefei Meiling Co. Ltd.6/5/20
9Hetian Haolin Hair Accessories Co. Ltd.6/5/20
10Hetian Taida Apparel Co., Ltd.6/5/20
11KTK Group6/5/20
12Nanchang O-Film Tech6/5/20
13Nanjing Synergy Textiles Co. Ltd.6/5/20
14Tanyuan Technology Co. Ltd.6/5/20
15Xinjiang Silk Road BGI6/5/20
16Aksu Huafu Textiles Co.6/5/20
17CloudWalk Technology6/5/20
18FiberHome Technologies Group6/5/20
19Intellifusion6/5/20
20IS’Vision6/5/20
21Nanjing FiberHome Starrysky Communication Development Co.6/5/20
22NetPosa6/5/20
23SenseNets6/5/20
24Dahua Technology10/9/19
25Hikvision10/9/19
26IFLYTEK10/9/19
27Megvii Technology10/9/19
28SenseTime10/9/19
29Xiamen Meiya Pico Information Co. Ltd.10/9/19
30Yitu Technologies10/9/19
31Yixin Science and Technology Co. Ltd.10/9/19

*The ERC determined to add the entities AGCU Scientech; China National Scientific Instruments and Materials (CNSIM); DJI; and Kuang-Chi Group for activities contrary to U.S. foreign policy interests. Specifically, these four entities have enabled wide-scale human rights abuses within China through abusive genetic collection and analysis or high-technology surveillance, and/or facilitated the export of items by China that aid repressive regimes around the world, contrary to U.S. foreign policy interests.

Government Entities (21)Date Sanctioned
1Ministry of Public Security’s Institute of Forensic Science of China6/5/20
2People’s Government Public Security Bureau of XUAR10/9/19
3Aksu District Public Security Bureau10/9/19
4Altay Municipality Public Security Bureau10/9/19
5Bayingolin Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture Public Security Bureau10/9/19
6Boertala Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture Public Security Bureau10/9/19
7Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture Public Security Bureau10/9/19
8Hami Municipality Public Security Bureau10/9/19
9Hetian Prefecture Public Security Bureau10/9/19
10Kashgar Prefecture Public Security Bureau10/9/19
11Kelamayi Municipality Public Security Bureau10/9/19
12Kezilesu Kyrgyz Autonomous Prefecture Public Security Bureau10/9/19
13Shihezi Municipality Public Security Bureau10/9/19
14Tacheng Prefecture Public Security Bureau10/9/19
15Tumushuke Municipal Public Security Bureau10/9/19
16Turfan Municipality Public Security Bureau10/9/19
17Urumqi Municipal Public Security Bureau10/9/19
18Wujiaqu Municipality Public Security Bureau10/9/19
19Xinjiang Police College10/9/19
20Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (XPCC) Public Security Bureau10/9/19
21Yili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture Public Security Bureau10/9/19
DateEntity List — issued by the Industry and Security Bureau of the Department of Commerce
12/18/20https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2020/12/22/2020-28031/addition-of-entities-to-the-entity-list-revision-of-entry-on-the-entity-list-and-removal-of-entities
7/22/20https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2020/07/22/2020-15827/addition-of-certain-entities-to-the-entity-list-revision-of-existing-entries-on-the-entity-list
6/5/20https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2020/06/05/2020-10868/addition-of-certain-entities-to-the-entity-list-revision-of-existing-entries-on-the-entity-list
10/9/19https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2019/10/09/2019-22210/addition-of-certain-entities-to-the-entity-list

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Visa ban

State Department

Visa banDate Announced
The State Department announced visa restrictions on Chinese government and Communist Party officials who are believed to be responsible for, or complicit in, the detention or abuse of Uighurs, Kazakhs, or other members of Muslim minority groups in Xinjiang, China. Family members of such persons may also be subject to these restrictions.10/8/2019
Source
https://2017-2021.state.gov/u-s-department-of-state-imposes-visa-restrictions-on-chinese-officials-for-repression-in-xinjiang/index.html

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Atrocity Crimes Determination

State Department

Promoting Accountability for Human Rights Abuse with Our PartnersDate Announced
Statement by Secretary of State Anthony Blinken: “Amid growing international condemnation, the PRC continues to commit genocide and crimes against humanity in Xinjiang. The United States reiterates its calls on the PRC to bring an end to the repression of Uyghurs, who are predominantly Muslim, and members of other ethnic and religious minority groups in Xinjiang, including by releasing all those arbitrarily held in internment camps and detention facilities.”22/3/2021

Source
https://www.state.gov/promoting-accountability-for-human-rights-abuse-with-our-partners/

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Atrocity Crimes Determination: Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity

State Department

Atrocity Crimes Determination: Genocide and Crimes Against HumanityDate Announced
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced his determination that since at least March 2017, the People’s Republic of China (PRC), under the direction and control of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), has committed crimes against humanity against the predominantly Muslim Uyghurs and other members of ethnic and religious minority groups in Xinjiang. These crimes are ongoing and include: the arbitrary imprisonment or other severe deprivation of physical liberty of more than one million civilians, forced sterilization, torture of a large number of those arbitrarily detained, forced labor, and the imposition of draconian restrictions on freedom of religion or belief, freedom of expression, and freedom of movement. The Nuremberg Tribunals at the end of World War II prosecuted perpetrators for crimes against humanity, the same crimes being perpetrated in Xinjiang. In addition, after careful examination of the available facts, I have determined that the PRC, under the direction and control of the CCP, has committed genocide against the predominantly Muslim Uyghurs and other ethnic and religious minority groups in Xinjiang. This genocide is ongoing, and is the systematic attempt to destroy Uyghurs by the Chinese party-state.19/01/2021
Source
https://2017-2021.state.gov/u-s-department-of-state-imposes-visa-restrictions-on-chinese-officials-for-repression-in-xinjiang/index.html

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Export license policy revised to include human rights in all decisions, including private-sector end-users 

Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS), Commerce Department

Revision of Export Administration Regulations (EAR): Export licensing decisions are now based in part on the risk that controlled items may be used by any end-users, including  private companies, to commit or enable human rights abusesDate Announced
In this final rule, the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) amended the EAR by revising the licensing policy of paragraph (b) of § 742.7 to clarify to the exporting community that Commerce Control List (CCL) licensing decisions are based in part upon U.S. Government assessments about whether controlled items may be used to engage in or enable violations or abuses of human rights, including those involving censorship, surveillance, detention, or excessive use of force.

This revision furthers the foreign policy interests of the United States pertaining to the prevention of human rights violations and abuses by helping to ensure that items are not exported or reexported in support of human rights violations or abuses, including telecommunications and information security and sensors. This licensing policy enables BIS and other reviewing agencies to consider violations or abuses of human rights by individuals or entities other than the government of the importing country, such as companies.
 
Additional notes: (1) In removing the “internationally recognized” standard from “human rights” in § 742.7(b), BIS can make decisions based on US Government determinations. (2) BIS needs only judge that there is a “risk” that the items would be used in such a manner.
06/10/2020
Sources
Source: https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2020/10/06/2020-21815/amendment-to-licensing-policy-for-items-controlled-for-crime-control-reasons
Reference: https://www.bis.doc.gov/index.php/regulations/commerce-control-list-ccl

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Xinjiang Supply Chain Business Advisory

Departments of State, Commerce, Treasury and Homeland Security

Xinjiang Supply Chain Business AdvisoryDate Announced
The Departments of State, Commerce, Treasury and Homeland Security jointly issued a business advisory. “China continues to commit brutal human rights abuses against ethnic minorities from Xinjiang, including operating dystopian surveillance systems and employing the contemptible practice of forced labor,” said Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross. “This business advisory highlights the risks U.S. companies, individuals, and other organizations face when dealing with entities involved in these human rights abuses.”07/01/2020
Sources
https://www.state.gov/xinjiang-supply-chain-business-advisory/ https://www.dhs.gov/publication/xinjiang-supply-chain-business-advisory

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Additions to List of Goods Produced by Child Labor of Forced Labor (TVPRA List)

Department of Labor

Visa banDate Announced
In a statement titled “Against Their Will: The Situation in Xinjiang,” the Department of Labor added five goods produced by forced labor by Muslim ethnic groups in China to the 2020 edition of the List of Goods Produced by Child Labor of Forced Labor (TVPRA List). These goods include gloves, hair products, textiles, thread/yarn, and tomato products. The statement noted the vast scale of abuse, saying it serves as a notice for the world to ask questions, take action, and demand change.Sept. 2020
Source
https://www.dol.gov/agencies/ilab/against-their-will-the-situation-in-xinjiang